After leaving the Stange Ice Shelf and cruising up Carroll Inlet during the wee hours of the morning, we continued heading northward all day. As we made our way through open seas and moderate northerly winds in the morning, we had time for a couple of presentations in the Ice Lounge. We discussed the famous “Race to the Pole” between Amundsen and Scott, and the wonderful adaptations of the marine mammals we have observed.

We are located in the southeast corner of the Bellingshausen Sea, the base of the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. This region, where the coastline turns west toward Marie Byrd Land and the Ross Sea, is entirely unfamiliar to the ships of our fleet. The icebound shores we see, the rocky islets, and the remote nunataks rising from the ice caps—it is all new to us, and it is particularly exciting for that reason. One of the great pleasures in exploring unknown places is making the association between the shapes and names I have seen on a map to the physical reality of standing (or cruising) on that spot on the globe. Seeing what it really looks like and feels like is exciting. I have wondered about names and places on the map of this region for years, and it’s a real delight to finally visit them and put faces to the names. Huge places like Alexander Island and little details of the crenellated corner of the Antarctic Peninsula: Smyley Island, the Carroll Inlet, Stange Sound and the Ryderfield Peninsula. Today’s journey took us around the huge Beethoven Peninsula, the southwest prominence of Alexander Island. As is the case with many Antarctic place names, there is a theme here: the many large bays and inlets are named for famous European composers. The Brahms Ice Shelf, the Mendelssohn Ice Shelf and so on. We spent this afternoon cruising among the enormous icebergs and floes of pack ice, observing seals and an emperor penguin in Verdi Inlet.

On the largest scale, Palmer Land is the most exciting for me. The historic regional name was given to the southern half of the Antarctic Peninsula. Most of the continent is divided into pie slices. The slices bear unofficial names given by explorers of the heroic age or by later geographers to honor those same great men and women and their sponsors. Ellsworth Land, Queen Maud Land and Wilkes Land: they have always intrigued me and piqued my curiosity. The northern half of the Peninsula is Graham Land. In 21 years of visiting the Antarctic, I have never been outside its borders. Now we have cruised the full length of the coast of Palmer Land and come right to the corner of Ellsworth Land. The map has unfolded before us, and a new part of the planet has become real.