Located in the middle of the Galápagos archipelago, Santiago has been popular amongst humans in the past. Hilly and with relatively high elevation, there are times in the year when it gets rainfall or garua, the local name for drizzle, which means that some brackish water is available periodically. Buccaneers, whalers, and other occasional visitors would stop by and get water and tortoises for fresh food. Therefore, Santiago has had different names in the last 500 years: James Island, Duke of York, Porter Island, just to name a few. Today, the Galapagos National Park encompasses the island, considered one of the most beautiful and mysterious of all.
National Geographic Islander
The Galápagos archipelago is formed by 13 larger islands, and more than 60 smaller islets and rocks. The South Equatorial Current, an ensemble of various Peruvian coastal currents mixed with the Humboldt Current, reach the islands with its cold waters and serves as a gateway for organisms to arrive in a natural way. In this southeastern region of the Galápagos, species have had more time to adapt and evolve, which explains why there is such a higher rate of endemism among plants and animals.